Autism
Basic Information

Autism

Autism and Related Pervasive Developmental Disorders

A Neurological Illness Characterized by Social, Communication and Behavioral Deficits

Autism is a neurological disorder (a "brain" disease) characterized by the presence of severe communication, language and social deficits in affected persons. It is the most well known of several pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) diagnoses which begin in early childhood and continue throughout life, affecting most every aspect of life along the way. While autistic peoples' cognitive (thinking and language) and social skills are typically developmentally delayed compared to their peers, their motor (movement) skills develop in a more normal fashion.

Specific social interaction, communication and behavioral deficits must be present before the diagnosis of autism is appropriate. Though all people with Austim people show the same specific pattern of impairments, the severity of these impairments vary from case to case, with some people demonstrating relatively mild impairments and others demonstrating severe impairments.

From a very early age, children with autism demonstrate a fundamental difficulty in properly orienting towards other people and in processing social and non-verbal forms of communication, such as eye contact and facial expression. For instance, a typical infant is generally responsive to adult caregiver facial expressions...

 
Latest News
Could Air Pollutants Raise a Child's Autism Risk?
Broccoli Compound Shows Promise for Autism Symptoms in Small Study
Kids With Autism Tend to Be Less Active, Study Says
Spacing Between Sibling Births Tied to Autism Risk in Study
Boys With Autism Show Certain Grammar Skills in Study
Brainwaves May Help Gauge Autism Severity: Study
Could Low Iron Intake During Pregnancy Raise Autism Risk?
Estrogen Receptor May Play a Role in Autism
Spotting, Treating Autism Symptoms in Infancy May Prevent Delays
Kids With Autism Have Extra Brain Connections, Study Says
Different Areas of Brain Affected in Autism, Sensory Disorders
Less Flexibility Seen in Brain Wiring of Kids With Autism: Study
iPads May Help Boost Speaking Skills in Kids With Autism: Study
Adults With Asperger Syndrome May Have Higher Suicide Risk
Autism's Costs Can Run Into Millions for One Person
Genetic 'Networks' May Play Role in Autism
Study Probes Why Kids With Autism Are Oversensitive to Touch, Noise
Health Tip: Dealing With an Autism Spectrum Disorder
Key Brain 'Networks' May Differ in Autism, Study Suggests
Family Dog Can Help Kids With Autism
U.S. Autism Estimates Rise by 30 Percent for Kids
More Signs Autism May Originate During Pregnancy
Autism, ADHD Tied to Gender Concerns in Some Kids: Study
Gene Study Offers Clues to Why Autism Strikes More Males
Autism Costs Average $17,000 Yearly for Each Child, Study Finds
Infants' Response to Talking Faces May Be Clue to Autism
New Diagnosis Rules Could Lead to Drop in Autism Numbers
Alternative Therapies Widely Used for Autism
Occupational Therapy Aids Kids With Autism, Sensory Issues
Revised Checklist Improves Detection of Autism in Toddlers
Sensory Therapy Might Work for Kids With Autism
'Mixing' of Senses More Common in Autism: Study
People With Autism May Recognize Faces in Different Way: Study
Bedroom TV, Video Games Linked to Less Sleep in Boys With Autism
Autism Sign May Appear in First Months of Life
Autism, Language Problems May Be Linked in Families: Study
Guideline Changes Have Asperger's Community on Edge
 
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Childhood Mental Disorders and Illnesses
Parenting




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